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Fast Facts

Network, Spring/Summer 2006

From “More Than a Broken Heart”

1 in 3
Number of people who have a heart attack who also experience depression (NIMH, 2001).

8 million
Estimated number of Canadians who live with some type of cardiovascular disease (CIHR, 2004).

67%
Proportion of Canadian heart attack survivors who don’t participate in cardiac rehab programs, despite evidence that they improve functional ability and quality of life and may help reduce the risk of recurrence (Heart and Stroke Foundation, 2001).

From “A Pound of Cure”

21%
Rate of obesity in young adults aged 25 to 34. According to Statistics Canada, over the past 25 years, the rate has risen from 9%. The rate of obesity in adolescents aged 12 to 17 has tripled, from 3% to 9% (Statistics Canada, 2005).

2 times
How much higher the rate of obesity is in persons with schizophrenia, compared with the general population (Coodin, 2001).

13 times
How much more likely persons with schizophrenia who are obese are to request discontinuation of their particular antipsychotic medication due to concerns about weight gain, compared to non-obese peers (Kurzthaler & Fleischhacker, 2001).

3 times
How much more likely persons with schizophrenia who are obese are to fail to adhere to treatment regimens (Kurzthaler & Fleischhacker, 2001).

From “Diabetes and Mental Health”

2 million
Number of Canadians with diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2004).

3 million
Estimated number of Canadians who will have diabetes by the end of the decade (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2004).

706,500
Number of Ontarians with diabetes, or 7.5% of the population (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2005).

15% to 30%
Percentage of patients with diabetes who meet the criteria for depression (twice the rate of the general population).

3 to 5
Number of times more likely Aboriginal people are than the general population to develop type 2 diabetes (Piette, Richardson & Valenstein, 2004).

 


Sources

Canadian Diabetes Association (2004). The Prevalence and Costs of Diabetes. www.diabetes.ca.

Canadian Diabetes Association (2005). Diabetes Report 2005: The Serious Face of Diabetes in Canada: Ontario Backgrounder. www.diabetes.ca.

CIHR (Canadian Institutes of Health Research) (2004). Heart Disease.www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca.

Coodin, Shalom (2001) Body Mass Index in Persons with Schizophrenia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 46: 549-555. www.cpa-apc.org.

Heart and Stroke Foundation (2001). Heart Attack Picture in Canada Receives Mixed Grade. www.heartandstroke.ca.

Kurzthaler, M.D., & Fleischhacker, W.W. (2001). The Clinical Implications of Weight Gain in Schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62 (suppl. 7), 32-27. www.psychiatrist.com (subscription required).

NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) (2001). Depression Can Break Your Heart. NIH publication No. 01-4592. www.nimh.nih.gov.

Piette, J.D., Richardson, C., & Valenstein, M. (2004). Addressing the Needs of Patients with Multiple Chronic Illnesses: The Case of Diabetes and Depression. American Journal of Managed Care, 10 (2): 152-162.www.ajmc.com.

Statistics Canada (2005). Canadian Community Health Survey: Obesity Among Children and Adults. The Daily, July 6, 2005.www.statcan.ca/Daily.