British researchers have found that middle-aged male smokers experience a faster decline in cognition and executive function than their non-smoking male counterparts. The good news is that men who had quit smoking for 10 years or more did not experience the same decline.
Researchers have recently found that the antidepressant fluoxetine did not increase or decrease suicidal behaviour in children, compared to children who were on placebos.
A systematic review and meta-analysis conducted by researchers in the USA reveals that exercise reduces depressive symptoms in patients who have a chronic illness and are experiencing mild to moderate depression.
A national study of individuals with serious mental illness found that work performance and co-workers’ attitudes toward them were two main sources of prejudice and discrimination at work.
According to the US government’s latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately one in five American adults have experienced mental illness in the past year; this equates to 45.9 million people.
A first of its kind, statewide study on the relationship between intensive psychiatric rehabilitation (IPR) and its impact on mental health service utilization, as well as on residential and employment outcomes, found unexpected results. Contrary to study hypothesis, mental health service use actually increased when people were engaged in psychiatric rehabilitation services.
A new study conducted by researchers from Harvard University and University of Massachusetts discovered that nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) – which include patches, gum, inhaler and nasal sprays – on their own do not help people to quit smoking over the long term. In fact, investigators found that NRTs are not more effective than simply quitting cold turkey.
The Copeland Centre, known for the development of the Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP), has released a new position paper calling for the elimination and/or reduction of seclusion and restraints in psychiatric services.
The January issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine contains the results of a Dutch-led study on the relationship between exercise and school performance. After reviewing 10 observational and four intervention studies, and qualifying two as sufficiently high quality, researchers found significant evidence of a positive relationship between physical activity and academic performance.
Psychiatrists from the UT Southwestern Medical Centre believe that low levels of vitamin D are linked to depression. Psychiatrists at the Centre have been looking at data in conjunction with researchers from the Cooper Centre Longitudinal Study. The study followed almost 12, 600 participants from 2006 until 2010 and is believed to be the largest investigation of its kind.