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Global News

February 23, 2012 Cigarettes and early male cognitive decline (Britain)

British researchers have found that middle-aged male smokers experience a faster decline in cognition and executive function than their non-smoking male counterparts. The good news is that men who had quit smoking for 10 years or more did not experience the same decline.

February 23, 2012 Antidepressants not linked to youth suicide (USA)

Researchers have recently found that the antidepressant fluoxetine did not increase or decrease suicidal behaviour in children, compared to children who were on placebos.

February 9, 2012 Exercise reduces depression for people with chronic illness (USA)

A systematic review and meta-analysis conducted by researchers in the USA reveals that exercise reduces depressive symptoms in patients who have a chronic illness and are experiencing mild to moderate depression.

January 26, 2012 Work performance and co-workers are source of discrimination in workplace (USA)

A national study of individuals with serious mental illness found that work performance and co-workers’ attitudes toward them were two main sources of prejudice and discrimination at work.

January 26, 2012 National survey shows 1 in 5 Americans experience mental illness (USA)

According to the US government’s latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately one in five American adults have experienced mental illness in the past year; this equates to 45.9 million people.

January 26, 2012 Study shows IPR does not decrease use of mental health services (USA)

A first of its kind, statewide study on the relationship between intensive psychiatric rehabilitation (IPR) and its impact on mental health service utilization, as well as on residential and employment outcomes, found unexpected results. Contrary to study hypothesis, mental health service use actually increased when people were engaged in psychiatric rehabilitation services.

January 12, 2012 Nicotine replacement therapies up in smoke? (USA)

A new study conducted by researchers from Harvard University and University of Massachusetts discovered that nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) – which include patches, gum, inhaler and nasal sprays – on their own do not help people to quit smoking over the long term. In fact, investigators found that NRTs are not more effective than simply quitting cold turkey.

January 12, 2012 Seclusion and restraints not recovery-oriented care (USA)

The Copeland Centre, known for the development of the Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP), has released a new position paper calling for the elimination and/or reduction of seclusion and restraints in psychiatric services.

January 12, 2012 Phys ed may be good for the body and the mind (Netherlands)

The January issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine contains the results of a Dutch-led study on the relationship between exercise and school performance. After reviewing 10 observational and four intervention studies, and qualifying two as sufficiently high quality, researchers found significant evidence of a positive relationship between physical activity and academic performance.

January 12, 2012 Vitamin D and depression (USA)

Psychiatrists from the UT Southwestern Medical Centre believe that low levels of vitamin D are linked to depression. Psychiatrists at the Centre have been looking at data in conjunction with researchers from the Cooper Centre Longitudinal Study. The study followed almost 12, 600 participants from 2006 until 2010 and is believed to be the largest investigation of its kind.